Main Functions of Management

There are four main functions of management. 1. Planning. 2. Organizing. 3. Leading. 4. Controlling. Planning. Planning is an important managerial function. It provides the design of a desired future state and the means of bringing about that future state to accomplish the organization’s objectives. In other words, planning is the process of thinking before […]

10 Characteristics of Effective Quality Management Systems

Quality management systems can become cumbersome and bureaucratic if not properly developed, implemented and maintained. Effective quality management systems have ten common characteristics that I have discovered in my consulting practice over the past couple of decades. These common denominators of quality management, when properly implemented, can improve your organization’s ability to satisfy customer and […]

Uses of Audited Financial Statements

There are many uses of audited financial statements. Some of the common uses include submitting to the relevant authority such as company commission and tax offices. These are the two interested parties of these statements. Other interested parties include investors, creditors of the company and shareholders as well. So, what are the purposes of audited […]

Understanding Financial Statements

Financial accounting’s focus is on the financial reports distributed to people outside of the company. The major component of financial reporting is the financial statements: income statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flows, and the statement of stockholders’ equity. The income statement indicates a company’s profitability during a specified time period such as one year, […]

Meanings and Importance of Financial Statement Analysis

All financial statements are essentially historically historical documents. They tell what has happened during a particular period of time. However most users of financial statements are concerned about what will happen in the future. Stockholders are concerned with future earnings and dividends. Creditors are concerned with the company’s future ability to repay its debts. Managers […]